Kidney disease is a serious health problem that needs proper treatment and care for managing the condition of the affected person. Apart from medical treatment, it is also important to follow the dietary restrictions. The kidney patients should take a healthy diet as advised by their doctor. Diet plays an important role in preventing further problems and keeping the kidneys healthy. Make a proper diet plan after consulting a dietitian, who will advise the best foods to eat and foods to avoid. We will explain the important points of a renal diet for kidney patients.
Following Are The 10 Renal Diet Important Guidelines You Should Follow.
Eat Fruits and Vegetables
Fruits and vegetables are an important part of the renal diet of a kidney patient. Eat grapes, pears and apricot. Watermelon and raspberries are healthy fruits for you. You can enjoy peeled apples. Cabbage, mushroom, radish, cauliflower and onions are healthy vegetables for you.
Eat Foods With Healthy Carbohydrates
We get energy for our daily tasks of life through carbohydrates. You should eat foods that have healthy carbohydrates. Don’t eat foods that contain bad carbohydrates like sugar and soft drinks. Diabetics should take carbohydrates in limited amounts.
Take Low Fat Foods
It is important to take fat in right proportion or quantity. Taking very less amount of fat makes our body take energy from muscles and this is not good for you. On the other hand, taking too much of fatty foods leads to obesity and increased body weight. Thus, take fat in right amounts.
Limit Fluid Intake
Patients who undergo dialysis treatment for kidney need to take fluids in limited amounts. Taking too much water and other fluids can lead to swollen body parts and obesity. Thus, limit the intake of fluids like water, soup, ice cream and watery fruits.
Take Low Salt Foods
Excess intake of salty foods can cause hypertension and kidney patients should avoid taking such foods. Take foods with less amount of salt. Flavor your food with herbs and spices instead of using salt. Avoid canned foods and processed meats. Don’t eat salty snacks, pickles, ketchup and soy sauce.
Take Low Sugar Foods
Taking sweets and sugary foods can cause diabetes and this can worsen the condition of kidney patients. Limit the intake of sugary foods like candies, sugar, chocolates and cakes. It is best to avoid ice cream and honey. Take foods that have low sugar.
Take Low Phosphorus Foods
People who have kidney disease should avoid eating foods that contain phosphorus. Don’t take milk, cheese, chips, French fries, iced tea, soda drinks, brown rice and peanut butter. Take low phosphorus foods like lime soda, pasta, butter, boiled potato, jam and white rice.
Take Protein Rich Foods
Kidney patients need to eat protein rich foods after undergoing surgery. Protein is an important nutrient that helps in recovering from disease. Take protein foods like pulses, legumes and milk. Non-vegetarian people can eat eggs for getting protein.
Take Low Potassium Foods
It is not good to eat foods that contain high amount of potassium. Such foods affect the heartbeat in kidney patients. Eating these foods can be fatal leading to death of the patient. Thus, you should avoid or limit the intake of potassium rich foods. Don’t eat banana, orange and avocado. Eat potatoes after boiling it.
Eat Lean Meats
Non-vegetarian patients who have diabetes along with kidney disease should take lean meats that have less amount of fat. Choose meat and poultry with lean meat. It is healthy to eat fish. Avoid fatty meats like bacon, sausages and organ meats. Don’t eat canned meats as it contain high salt.