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Top 5 Diet Tips For Dialysis Patients

The main function of the kidneys is to filter the wastes that are produced in the body from the food and breakdown of the muscle tissues. However, when the kidneys are unable to filter all the toxins and wastes from your body, your doctor would mostly suggest dialysis. Dialysis is a therapy which is often recommended by the doctors when your kidneys do not effectively function the way they should.

In this case, diet is essential to control the high level of some particular nutrients in the blood. Often doctor or dietician would suggest an eating plan that is tailored for dialysis patients. In this diet, you have to watch your sodium, phosphorus, potassium, protein, as well as fluid consumption. However, if you are getting adequate dialysis sessions that are prescribed by your doctor, then the restrictions would be fewer.

Here Are The Top 5 Diet Tips For Dialysis Patients:

1. Lower Your Sodium Intake:

In fact, sodium is often added in several foods as a preservative [1]. However, when you are on your renal diet, you need to monitor your sodium intake. Check the list of ingredients and avoid canned foods that contain higher levels of sodium. Add fresh spices and herbs to your food while cooking to limit the inclusion of sodium. Foods such as fresh vegetables, fruits, herbs and spices, and salt-free versions of crackers and pretzels are often recommended.

 Lower Your Sodium Intake

2. Lessen Your Potassium Intake:

With dialysis, you should be cautious about overeating foods that are high in potassium [2]. Cereal, certain fruits, and vegetables are high in potassium. So, you need to be careful while picking foods that are rich in potassium. Foods such as rice, dal, white bread, pasta, fresh broccoli, cauliflower, cucumber, carrot, apples, grapes, watermelon, pineapple, etc. are low in potassium and can be consumed in a healthy amount.

Lessen Your Potassium Intake

3. Monitor Your Phosphorus Intake:

Phosphorus is a vital mineral essential for generating and storing energy in our body [3]. Healthy kidneys filter the excess phosphorus in the blood and maintain the needed balance. Moreover, dialysis can’t maintain the phosphorus balance in the blood all alone and what you eat also makes a lot of difference. There are certain foods which are high in phosphorus. So, you should be careful while eating such foods.

Limit dairy products to one serving per day and prefer drinking lemonade instead of dark colas. Find alternative sources for milk. Prefer fresh fruits and vegetables that contain fewer amounts of phosphorus.

Monitor Your Phosphorus Intake

4. Consume Enough Fluids:

Your doctor would be recommending you to drink a specific amount of fluids per day depending on the quantity of urine your kidneys are producing [4]. The amount of fluid which could be removed from your body through dialysis is limited and hence, you need to consume only a prescribed quantity of fluids to stay hydrated.

Consume cranberry juice and even apple juice is recommended. Have very cold or hot fluids such as low sodium broth, coffee, tea, water etc.

Consume fresh fruits and fruit juices

5. Include Protein In Your Diet:

A diet high in protein is recommended for people undergoing dialysis [5]. However, the exact amount of protein requirement would be suggested to you by the doctor or a dietician. You can get an adequate amount of protein from sources such as lean meat, egg whites, fish, and poultry.

Limit the amount of cheese, nut butter, cooked kidney beans etc. and it can help you meet your protein requirement. These protein foods can provide your body with essential amino acids.
Go For Lean Meat