Studies have shown that a healthy diet can help in slowing down progression of glaucoma, which is one of the key causes of vision loss. The high intraocular pressure can be reduced by making necessary dietary changes. Foods that help in reducing oxidative stress and inflammation in the eye tissues can also help in reducing the high intraocular pressure in the eyes of glaucoma patients.
If you are suffering from glaucoma or have a higher risk of developing this vision problem, the following dietary tips can help in protecting your vision.
Studies have shown that prevalence of glaucoma is lowest among Eskimos living in Alaska. The high content of omega-3 fatty acid rich fish in the traditional diet of Eskimos is believed to be one of the major reasons for the low glaucoma risk. Omega-3 fats are powerful anti-inflammatory agents. They help in reducing inflammation in the eye tissues and oxidative stress in the eyes, which can help in reducing the intraocular pressure.
Green Leafy Vegetables
Green leafy vegetables are excellent sources of lutein and zeaxanthin, two powerful antioxidant nutrients that protect the eyesight and prevent vision loss. They help in protecting the eyes from oxidative stress that tends to increase the intraocular pressure. Studies suggest that increasing intake of vegetables rich in lutein and zeaxanthin such as collard greens, kale and spinach helps in preventing vision loss in glaucoma patients.
Vitamin C Rich Fruits and Vegetables
The ocular hypertension can be reduced with vitamin C. The high concentration of vitamin C in the aqueous fluid in the eyes helps in maintaining the normal intraocular pressure. The anti-inflammatory effect of vitamin C helps in preventing swelling of the eye tissues that helps in improving the fluid outflow, thereby reducing the pressure in the eyes. Citrus fruits, peppers, berries and tomatoes are some of the best sources of vitamin C.
Dark Colored Berries
Dark colored berries are loaded with bioflavonoids that help in strengthening the capillaries in the eyes. Strong capillaries help in maintaining healthy flow of nutrients to the eyes, which is essential for preserving the normal functioning of the eye tissues that helps in maintaining the normal intraocular pressure.
Low Carbohydrate Diet
Surge in the insulin level tends to increase your blood pressure level and possibly your intraocular pressure if you are suffering from glaucoma. Insulin secretion increases following carbohydrate consumption. Avoiding sugar and refined carbohydrate and limiting intake of whole grain products can benefit people suffering from glaucoma.