Tooth decay happens primarily because of plaque formation on the teeth and gum region. Plaque is the yellowish sticky substance that contains bacteria and food debris. These bacteria in the plaque primarily feed on sugars from your food and create harmful and damaging acids. If this process is not stopped then these acids can also cause dental cavities which are extremely painful. Children eat a lot of sugary and sticky substances such as candies, carbonated drinks, chocolates etc… and this is the very reason that children suffer from tooth decay more often than adults do. Tooth decay is one of the most painful dental conditions that can occur to nearly anybody. However, the chances of tooth decay are higher in diabetics, or those suffering from Vitamin C or Vitamin A deficiency.
Tooth cavity is a simple process that affects the three layers of your tooth one after another. First the plaque damages the outermost layer called enamel, then it reaches the second layer dentin and finally it gets to the innermost region called the pulp. So technically everybody needs to incorporate prevention measures against tooth decay but those with certain symptoms need to take these preventive measures much more seriously. Detecting that your oral health needs attention is quite simple and easy. The early signs of tooth decay are a feeling of tenderness in the gums, toothache, swelling or redness on the gum area, bad breath and a strange unhealthy feeling in the mouth. If you suffer from one or more of these symptoms, then you could be at a higher risk of getting a tooth cavity.
It is not always that you can get an early appointment with a dentist and that’s when you need to consider an ice pack. Cold compression can bring down the pain by numbing the nerve, and the innermost region of the tooth called the pulp is made up of nothing but blood vessels and nerves. Apart from that, you can also follow any of the natural remedies mentioned here. However, in case you notice a cavity in your teeth, it is strongly recommended that you go see a dentist. The below mentioned preventive measures are recommended for regular use. These measures can only help in preventing or bringing down plaque during the early stages of tooth decay.
Top 10 Preventions Against Tooth Decay:
Good Oral Hygiene
One of the easiest ways to prevent tooth decay is by maintaining good oral hygiene. Floss your teeth to loosen the food debris stuck in-between the teeth and then brush your teeth for at least 10-15 minutes each day. Don’t forget to clean your tongue with a tongue-cleaner because tongue contains most of the bacteria in the mouth. Finally rinse with an effective mouthwash because there are still places in the mouth where the brush, floss and tongue cleaner cannot reach. Don’t forget to brush twice a day, once when you wake up and once before you go to bed.
Avoid Sticky Foods
Avoid sticky foods that get stuck in-between the teeth and remain in the mouth. Food debris is also a part of plaque and so you must avoid it as much as possible. Eatables such as candies, chocolates etc… are the biggest culprits and if you must really have one of these sticky foods, then you must make sure to brush your teeth or at least rinse your mouth with an effective mouthwash or water. Mouthwashes are easy to carry to work and are proven to be effective on plaque.
Avoid Dry Mouth Condition
A lot of people don’t realize the significance of saliva in fighting bacteria and this is why you need to avoid having a dry mouth. Keeping a sugarless gum with you and chewing it in case you have a dry mouth helps in bringing down the dryness by increasing the secretion of saliva. This secretion of saliva helps prevent cavities, but remember to choose a gum that is sugarless. You can also drink water more frequently as water increases the saliva production in the mouth.
Using Tea Tree Oil On Your Brush
After you put your favorite toothpaste on your toothbrush, try adding a drop of tea tree oil on the toothpaste. Yes, you can buy readymade toothpastes that contain tea tree oil, but the overall content of tea tree oil in those toothpastes could be low. So, adding a drop yourself is recommended. You can also take a drop of tea tree oil on your finger and massage your teeth and gums with it. Tea tree oil has excellent antimicrobial and antibacterial qualities that can fight plaque effectively.
Clove Oil Massage
Massaging your teeth and gums with clove oil is an effective remedy to bring down plaque. Take a drop or two on your finger and massage your teeth and gums with it. Avoid using it in excess quantities because this oil can burn your gums, but only if used in excess.
Concentrate on what you eat because you need adequate supply of Vitamin C, Vitamin A and other nutrients. Vitamin A and C boost the overall immune system and help prevent infections.
Salt water rinsing – Rinsing your mouth 3-4 times a day with lukewarm water and salt can help you bring down the plaque in your mouth. Salt has antibacterial properties that can do wonders to your oral health. Using sea salt is recommended.
Rinsing With Sage And Water
Boil some sage in water and then rinse your mouth with it after this mixture cools down. Sage is a wonder herb with antibacterial and antimicrobial properties that can cure and heal oral infections in its early stages. This herb is stacked up in most kitchen shelves and is always within one’s reach.
Add some lime to lukewarm water and rinse your mouth with it. As a more effective measure you can take a piece of lime and rub it on your teeth and gum region. Leave it on for a couple of minutes and then rinse with water. Lime contains antibacterial properties that can bring down plaque and also relieve from bad breath caused due to plaque formation.
Chew on a small piece of ginger and then rub your teeth and gums with it. No need to rinse with water. Don’t bother if you swallow a small piece of ginger because eating raw ginger is actually a de-worming technique. Ginger has antibacterial properties that can easily combat plaque. It is recommended that you chew ginger and massage your teeth and gums with it before you go to sleep because the bacteria in the plaque are most active at night.
You can also consider a small dental procedure called scaling which takes less than 30 minutes. Scaling is a procedure in which the dentist uses certain equipments to scrape off plaque from the teeth and cleans it. However, this procedure requires scrapping off the dirt and usually a layer of the teeth’s enamel gets scrapped off too. If this is done too frequently then it can cause teeth sensitivity. So get scaling done once in a while after discussing your teeth’s sensitivity levels with your dentist, and after that maintain oral hygiene and use natural preventions against tooth decay.